Soon it thaws, and it starts actually high time to think about how to prevent tick infestation in your dog. Did you know that Lyme disease is a common tick-borne disease?
According to a recent survey of diagnosed more than nine out of ten vets one or more dogs with Lyme disease annually. Eight percent of the veterinarians have more than 20 cases of Lyme disease annually.
Do you want to prevent your dog Lyme disease, you have to be out in time. As soon as the average temperature rises to seven degrees are ticks active.
Lyme disease is a bacterial infectious disease that affects the dog's body, with symptoms including general pain, fever, fatigue, lameness, joint pain and chronic kidney disease. The disease is transmitted by ticks to humans and dogs.
In Sweden, it is mainly in southern and central Sweden worst affected, but also some parts of the northern coast- and mountain areas. In such surroundings around Stockholm, three out of ten collected ticks found to carry the Lyme disease. Some seasons and in certain geographical locations, the figure is even higher. The milder winters, the more it grows tick population.
Shortly said: The risk of infection is everywhere where there are ticks. And ticks thrive in the tall grass and shrubbery.
Lyme disease annually affects many Swedish people. But even a large group of Swedish dogs contract the disease. Especially those who often spend time in nature.
A study from the early 1990s indicated that about six percent of the dogs in southern and four percent in Svealand had been infected by Borrelia. A recent study suggests that up to 50 percent of dogs in some areas, at some time in contact with Borrelia. And between 5 and 10 percent of the dogs that come in contact with the bacteria develop a clinical disease.
Lyme disease is an insidious disease that is difficult to diagnose. The infection can be found in the dog's body long before it breaks out in a disease.
Here are some more facts about Lyme disease:
As the dog becomes infected
Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks (Ixodes ricinus). Borrelia bacteria are helical and similar corkscrews. The symptoms of Lyme disease first begins long after the tick has sucked the blood. It takes at least 4-6 weeks and sometimes even longer.
The tick can be infected with the Lyme disease bacteria when it sucks blood in all their life stages. Since bacteria often present in mice and birds transferred the bacteria to ticks when they suck blood from these.
When an infected tick begins to suck blood, walk Lyme disease bacteria from the tick's gut over to its salivary glands and transferred to the animal's wounds through the tick's salivary. The longer the tick is attached, the greater the risk of Lyme disease bacteria are transmitted.
Dogs naturally have been in contact with Lyme disease have no protection against a new infection. The dog can always infected and again. Therefore, it is important to try to protect the dog against ticks.
Lyme disease attacks the dog's various organs
In the initial phase, Lyme disease symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite and fever. Often limping dog also has inflammation of one or more joints. How seriously ill dog gets varies widely. Some dogs exhibit only a few or no symptoms of disease, even if they are infected.
After the acute course, many other of the dog's body attacked. Lyme disease can cause problems in joints and kidneys.
Difficult to diagnose
Lyme disease is a difficult disease because it does not always give clear-cut symptoms. Additionally, Lyme disease is difficult to diagnose the disease and many dog owners feel too often that the dog gets the wrong diagnosed. There are cases where dogs have been euthanized due to Borrelia.
There is no test that can accurately say that the dog's symptoms are due to Lyme disease. It often takes several comparative blood test and is usually treat the mere suspicion.
Long antibiotics no full guarantee
Lyme disease can be treated by a prolonged course of antibiotics. Some dogs, however, carry the disease for many years, even though they received treatment. This can lead to acute and chronic diseases mentioned above.
An effective vaccine is
The first and only vaccine that protects dogs against Lyme disease in Scandinavia called Trilyme.
Thanks to the vaccine, it is today to prevent Lyme disease effectively and thus keep our dogs healthy and active. Vaccination with Trilyme protect the dog against the three pathogenic Borrelia European strains.
Trilyme reduces Borrelia bacteria
The vaccine does not prevent ticks from becoming entrenched, but it blocks the transmission of Lyme disease bacteria from tick to dog. The vaccine is not effective against Anaplasma or TBE. You should therefore treat the dog with utter prophylactic agents for the prevention of tick infestation and other diseases Anaplasma and TBE.
All active dogs at risk of infection
All dogs exposed to tick bites can become infected with Borrelia. Particularly active hunting dogs and working dogs who spend a lot of nature are exposed to the risk of infection. It can also be a good idea to vaccinate family dogs if they stay in natural areas. According to a recent survey of 1 546 Swedish dog owners responded 59 percent of the daily walk with his dog in the woods- and natural areas.
Vaccinate your dog in good time
Remember to vaccinate your dog before or at the start of tick season. The first time the dog vaccinated twice, three weeks apart. Subsequently, the vaccinated once a year - preferably in late winter or early spring so the dog can form many antibodies before the ticks become active when the outside temperature rises. Puppies can be vaccinated from 12 weeks.